IS THE BASIS FOR OUR FAITH JUST A LEAP?

For there are three that testify: the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three agree.  If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater, for this is the testimony of God y that he has borne concerning his Son” (1 John 5:9).

Many years ago, a Christian told me,

Even if God and Christ never existed, we come out ahead by believing anyway.  We end up living a good life and doing what was right.  The important thing is that we believe.”

Those statements amount to no more than what many of us have heard as a leap of faith.  That is, the basis of true Christian living is a leap of faith.  There is no rationality for believing.  In fact, according to Soren Kierkegaard, faith and rationality are not on the same side of the ledger.  Rather they are distinct.  Reason requires evidence or empiricism.  With faith, no evidence or warrant for God needs to exist.  We just believe God without the requirements of clear evidence for His existence.  This is known as fideism: believing in God without the need for evidence.  We simply accept it.  With this in mind, we return to Kierkegaard and William Lane Craig’s assessment of his leap:

Kierkegaard believed that there is ultimately no warrant for Christian belief and you simply take a leap of faith to believe.  What he tried to do is to motivate this leap by showing how life lived apart from God ultimately degenerates into despair, boringness, and languishing in absurdity.  He tried to motivate the person to make the leap.  But ultimately for Kierkegaard it is a criterion-less leap of faith.  He thought that Christianity was indeed absurd because it says that God, who is timeless, entered into time in the Incarnation and that this is absurd – the presence of the eternal in the temporal.”[1]

The key to what Craig states is that a leap of faith requires “no warrant [evidence] for Christian belief.”

What does the discussion of a leap of faith have to do with what John claims about Jesus coming in the flesh in the passage we are studying?  It is easy to conclude that faith in God does not require evidence.  Where is He?  How do we really know He exists?  The Gnostics during John’s time took a similar rationality.  Jesus did not really exist.  Rather, He was a mirage, a ghost, an illusion, and not part of reality.  They rejected all evidence of Jesus’ actual existence in the flesh because of their false philosophy that God could not inhabit matter, and Jesus claimed to be the Son of God.  The Gnostics then concluded that Jesus and the Christ were separate entities.  The Christ came upon Jesus at His baptism and left Him before His crucifixion.  Therefore, they denied both the divinity of Christ and the historical reality of His physical death and resurrection.  They then held to a form of leap of faith for their religious and philosophical beliefs.  Their faith had no basis in historical reality.

The Apostle John refuted their claim.  He insisted on the physical presence of Jesus Christ in the world and on His physical resurrection.  He claimed that to deny this historical reality made God a liar (5:10).  He pointed to two key evidences for faith in Jesus: His baptism (water) and His physical death (blood) and resurrection from the dead (5:6).  John also pointed to God Himself, the Triune God, as the strongest evidence.  These sets of evidence coincide with one another.  If Jesus was the Son of God and came in the flesh as the word of God (John 1:1), then the evidence was very clear.  Jesus the Word took on human flesh and existed among men.  The Holy Spirit also gives evidence internally as the witness to the historical reality that Jesus came in the flesh.  In citing the Holy Spirit, John returns to the event of the new birth.  He gave us new birth and through it gives witness to us of the reality of the living Christ.  He writes,

By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God…By this we know that we abide in him and he in us, because he has given us of his Spirit” (1 John 4:2, 13).

In the above, John essentially makes the same claim as he does in the current passage: Jesus came in the flesh!  Why is this truth so important?  It is important for two reasons:

  1. Not believing this historical reality makes God a liar
  2. Eternal life depends on it

John ties the trustworthiness of God to the historical reality of Jesus coming in the flesh.  God sent Jesus to take on human flesh.  To deny what God did is to make Him a liar.  It is not circular to claim that if God said something, it must be true and fact.  Historical reality supports His word.  One can deny a claim all one wishes, but such a person cannot deny reality.  Many have attempted to deny that Jesus ever existed, but they supply no evidence to support their claim.  If a person makes a claim, that person must support it.

The Apostle John uses his evidential claims of Jesus’ historical existence, death, resurrection, and the testimony of God Himself to segue into the assurance of eternal life for those who believe Him.  Just as God gave testimony of His own Son coming in the flesh, He also gives firm testimony that He gives eternal life to those who believe Him.  We have no greater assurance of eternal life than the word of God Himself.  The basis of this eternal life is the new birth God created in us.  Earlier John connects the new birth to this eternal life when he states,

For everyone who has been born of God overcomes the world.  And this is the victory that has overcome the world — our faith.  Who is it that overcomes the world except the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God?”  (5:4)

John picks up this truth again in discussing the witness of the Holy Spirit within us,

Whoever believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself” (5:10).

The same faith that arises from the new birth is the faith the Holy Spirit implanted in us for believing the reality and saving activity of Jesus Christ when He came in the flesh.  This new birth and corresponding faith grounds our assurance of salvation.  That is what God accomplished in us through the new birth can never be reversed.  God proclaimed and gave witness to it.  Jesus provided for it.  The Holy Spirit administered it through the new birth or internal regeneration.  If God did it all, nothing apart from Him can reverse it.  We have assurance of salvation because of God.

Is the basis of our faith just a leap?  No!  Enormous amount of evidence exists for the historical reality of Jesus and His resurrection, the two strongest platforms for our faith.  Faith is not a leap into some dark unknown chasm where no knowledge exists.  Knowledge and truth have their basis in reality.  John teaches us that Jesus did exist, died, and rose from the grave.  We do not rest our faith on something that may or may not have happened as a Christian once claimed many years ago when making the statement,

Even if God and Christ never existed, we come out ahead by believing anyway.  We end up living a good life and doing what was right.  The important thing is that we believe.”

That statement is a leap of faith in that it has no basis or evidence for it.  That is presumptuous faith; that is faith without anything on which to base it.  There are two types of hope.  One hope says, “I hope so.”  The other hope says, “I know and believe that knowledge to be true.”  The first hope is tenuous, vague, and unsubstantiated.  It draws from thin air.  The second hope has evidence from existence.  John teaches evidential faith substantiated by history and God’s word.  This means that every believer has utmost security in God’s hands.

[1] William Lane Craig, “Existence of God: Properly Basic Belief in God,” Reasonable Faith, Lecture 4, http://www.reasonablefaith.org/defenders-2-podcast/transcript/s4-29.

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